The Agriculture and Farming industries have also embraced by technology. Smart devices are extensively used by a range of people from farmers to entrepreneurs. These technologies are employed in a number of ways, from monitoring crop health and soil moisture content in real time to deploying drones to help with pesticide spraying. However, the use technology and smart communication technologies introduce a vast exposure to cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities in smart agriculture system. These cyber-attacks have the potential to disrupt the economies of countries that are widely dependent on agriculture. In this report, we present a holistic study on security and privacy challenges in a smart agriculture system. This report paper discusses the security and privacy issues in this dynamic and distributed cyber physical environment. Furthermore, the paper elaborates how cyber-attack effects the smart agriculture systems.


Smart agriculture includes a set of technologies, devices, protocols, and computational paradigms to improve agricultural processes. However, smart agriculture is still developing and has a stumpy level of security structures. Future solutions will demand data availability and accuracy as key points to help farmers, and security is crucial to building robust and efficient systems. Because smart agriculture uses a diverse set of resources, security concerns include compatibility, resource constraints, and enormous data sets.

Smart Agriculture involve integration of technology and data driven agriculture applications to increase crop yield and quality of food products. Smart farming enhances conventional farming practices by introducing on-field smart sensors and devices these sensors and devices work in a synergistic manner to provide efficient farming experiences, as well as, an improved crop yield. Automating the agriculture system is monitoring and controlling of the climatic parameters which directly or indirectly govern the plant growth and hence their produce. Although beneficial to the productivity of the industry, the use of heterogeneous, internet-connected devices has exposed potential cyber-attacks and vulnerabilities in the agriculture sector.

These attacks introduce the ability to remotely control and exploit on-field sensors and autonomous vehicles (tractors, aerial vehicles, etc.). Latent agricultural attacks can make an insecure and idle farming atmosphere. For example, exploits that have the ability to destroy an entire field of standing grown crops, flood the farmlands, over spray pesticides using smart drones, etc. can cause unsafe consumption as well as economic deterioration. Such attacks in a large coordinated manner, also referred to as agro-terrorism   also have the potential of disrupting the economy of an agriculture-dependent nation. A report released by the U.S. The Department of Homeland Security goes into great detail on possible cyber threat scenarios in precision agriculture, emphasizing the importance of research in this area. The American Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have issued a guide which warns of the dangers associated with the increasing use of technology in Smart Agriculture.

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