This article aims to explore the security and privacy issue faced by agriculture system. Smart agriculture includes a set of technologies, devices, protocols, and computational paradigms to improve agricultural processes. Smart agriculture, on the other hand, is still in its early stages and has limited security features. Future solutions will require data availability and accuracy as vital features to assist farmers, and security will be critical in the development of resilient and efficient systems. Since smart agriculture comprises a wide variety and quantity of resources, security addresses issues such as compatibility, constrained resources, and massive data.

Security & Privacy Issues:

The adoption of sensor based technologies and cloud supported smart applications in agriculture has released opportunities for cyber-attacks. Therefore, it is important to first understand major security and privacy issues in smart agriculture we will elaborate these issues in detail.

Data Security & Privacy:

Many heterogeneous sensors, devices, and equipment generate a large amount of complicated, dynamic, and geographical data in a smart farm. Leakage of such information either through unauthorized access or by an insider can cause potential threats. For example, leaking information about agriculture anti-jamming devices can let an attacker get around these security measures, while leaking soil, crop, and agriculture procurement information can cost farmers a lot of money.

Authorization & Trust:

In smart agriculture and farming applications, connected entities including autonomous tractors, flying drones, on field sensors etc. communicate and interact with each other, and issue command and control operations to provide automated and efficient experience. Such communication can be direct machine to machine or via a cloud. it is essential to ensure that the messages are sent from a trusted authorized entity, rather from a malicious adversary.

Authentication & Secure Communication:

Authentication of connected devices is one of the most critical components of security and privacy in smart farming. Devices need to be authenticated first in order to get connected to various services on a smart farming system this entails dynamic authenticated mechanisms that apply authentication on demand to ensure that only legitimate devices are allowed to have access to different services spanning over different layers.

Compliance and Regulations:

Smart agriculture have raise  various legal issues, and the major issues in this area is contracts and agreements Such contracts between interested parties are crucial to protect the value and privacy of the data as an significant asset. Data privacy, security, and intellectual property protection clauses are all included in these contracts. Contracts must include provisions for data protection.

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